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Dialysis is a medical treatment procedure that is carried for normal functioning of the kidney. Generally the procedure is carried out when your kidneys are not working properly or is not able to perform its regular function of blood. Medically you need to go for dialysis procedure only when you develop end stage kidney failure. It is usually by the time you lose about 85 to 90 percent of your kidney function and have a GFR of <15.
Dialysis has always been helpful in keeping the balance of the body. The procedure includes removal of waste, salt and extra water to prevent them from building up in the body. By performing these procedures you can keep a safe level of certain chemicals in your blood which are mainly potassium, sodium and bicarbonate. The whole procedure is responsible for maintaining the total blood pressure.
In case of kidney failure which is a kind of acute kidney failure gets better even after treatment. In some acute case the dialysis may only be needed for a short time until the kidneys get better. In case of chronic failure of kidney, the kidneys can’t be recovered and it will need dialysis for the rest of your life.
Dialysis is mainly of two different types one is hemodialysis and the other is peritoneal dialysis. Now let’s talk about hemodialysis in which an artificial kidney called hemodialyzer is used to remove waste and extra chemicals and fluid from your blood. In this procedure we get the blood into the artificial kidney and the doctor needs to make an access into your blood vessels. This could be filled minor surgery to your arm or leg. In hemodialysis an access is made by joining an artery to a vein under your skin to make a bigger blood vessel called a fistula.
The Peritoneal dialysis involves the process in which your blood is cleaned inside your body. The procedure involves surgical procedure in which a plastic tube called a catheter is placed into your abdomen (belly) to make an access. The whole treatment is carried out in your abdominal area called the peritoneal cavity and is slowly filled with dialysate through the catheter. In this procedure the blood stays in the arteries and veins that line your peritoneal cavity. Extra fluid and waste products are drawn out of your blood and into the dialysate. There are two major kinds of peritoneal dialysis.
Now talking about peritoneal dialysis they are also classified in two different types one of which is Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis and the other is Automated Peritoneal Dialysis. The continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is usually carried out by the patient himself and it is about three to five times a day at work. You put a bag of dialysate (about two quarts) into your peritoneal cavity through the catheter. The dialysate stays there for about four or five hours before it is drained back into the bag and thrown away.
Generally people are not aware of the dialysis procedure. Depending the chronicity of the kidney failure the doctors decide whether dialysis is needed or not. An end stage renal failure is where dialysis is necessary. Primus hospital is a best hospital in delhi for kidney transplant.
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