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Female face is characteristically heart shaped. Male on other hand have large, broad, and square shaped faces.
So, jawline recontouring for facial feminization involves slimming down the broad and masculine jawline to a softer, v shape jaw profile that is characteristic of a female face. Maxillofacial Surgeons shave down the sharp and angular edges of the lower jawbone so that the jaw becomes narrower.
A lot of planning goes into creating a perfectly symmetrical jawline which is aesthetic and feminine. The surgeon must also ensure that no blood vessels or vital nerves are damaged while cutting the bone.
There are various steps involved in planning these surgeries to ensure that they are safe and precise.
1- Diagnose soft tissues excess vs. bone
• Examine masseter muscles
• Assess jawbone shape on CT scan
2- Plan amount & areas of bone reduction
3- Perform planned reduction on surgical simulation software
4- Analyze final jaw profile after virtual jaw reduction
5- Mark virtual bone cuts according to finalized profile
6- Modify cuts to keep safe distance from vital tissues
7- Designing and 3D printing of custom cutting guides