What is Open Heart Surgery?

In open heart surgery, valves, muscles and arteries are operated by opening the chest. In this procedure, new arteries are added to repair the blocked arteries. Through this, fresh blood is delivered to the heart by bypassing the blocked artery.

According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of open heart surgery typically performed on adults.

Open heart surgery is sometimes called simple heart surgery. In today's time, many types of heart related problems can be cured with small incisions. Due to which many people can get confused about open-heart surgery in India.

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  • A heart transplant is the replacement of a patient's heart with a donor's heart. The specialist removes the patient's heart by crossing the aorta, pulmonary artery, superior vena cava, and inferior vena cava and divides the left atrium, leaving the posterior wall of the left atrium and opening the pulmonary artery.

    Signs & Symptoms


    • Nausea
    • Swelling of the abdomen
    • Rapid weight gain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest pain


    • Heart attack.
    • Coronary artery disease.
    • Damage to the heart muscle.
    • High blood pressure.
    • Arrhythmias


    Risk Factors


    Besides the risks of having open-heart surgery, which include bleeding, infection, and blood clots, risks of a heart transplant include:

    • Primary graft failure
    • Problems with your arteries
    • Rejection of the donor's heart
    • Medication side effects
    • Cancer
    • Infection


    Diagnosis & Tests

    • Blood tests
    • Chest X-ray
    • Urine test
    • EKG
    • Echocardiogram (echo)
    • Cardiac stress test
    • CT scan
    • MRI
    • Right heart catheterization
    • Biopsy
    • Ultrasound
    • Pulmonary function tes
    • Endoscopy
    • General health screening


    See More: Heart Transplant in India

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