In open heart surgery, valves, muscles and arteries are operated by opening the chest. In this procedure, new arteries are added to repair the blocked arteries. Through this, fresh blood is delivered to the heart by bypassing the blocked artery.
According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the most common type of open heart surgery typically performed on adults.
Open heart surgery is sometimes called simple heart surgery. In today's time, many types of heart related problems can be cured with small incisions. Due to which many people can get confused about open-heart surgery in India.