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Let us start with the history of Track and Field Equipments. First race took place at the first Olympic festival in Rome in 776 B.C. All the track and field sports started with Olympics which takes place once in 4 years. Over the centuries new track competitions started taking place. In the beginning when Olympic festival was started it just had four track and field events like boxing, wrestling and foot races of varying length. It is heard that before eighteenth century track and field competitions occurred only in Olympics. After eighteenth century many schools and universities incorporated these events as daily exercise. Apart from Olympics the first track and field competition was held in oxford and Cambridge universities in 1864.
Some major track and field events are as follows:
Two types of relays are 4×100 meter relay and the 4×400 meter relay. 4×100 meters relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. The 4×400 meters relay comprises of four runners in a lane where in each runner complete 400 meters or one lap.
Shot put means putting a heavy metal ball as far as possible. Competitors take their throw from inside a circle 2.135 m in diameter, with a stop board which is approximately 4 inches high at the front of the circle. The distance is usually measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made by the falling shot in the soil.